Manual therapies including spinal manipulation are generally safe. Side effects tend to be benign: minor and self-limiting with short duration (eg, mild post-manipulation soreness). Severe complications have been associated with spinal manipulation but are extremely rare.
Spinal adjustments are designed to achieve four objectives:
1) reduction of pain
2) reduction of muscle spasms
3) reduction of joint hypomobility
4) reduction of articular soft tissue inflexibility
RESEARCH REVEALS EFFECTIVENESS FOR VARIOUS MUSCULOSKELTAL CONDITIONS
Spinal manipulation is an effective care option for acute, subacute, and chronic low back pain. Notably, these finding were based, in part, on the clinical practice guidelines developed for the American Pain Society and the American College of Physicians.
Spinal manipulation was found to be effective for acute and subacute neck pain.
Studies have demonstrated favorable outcomes for the use of throracic spinal manipulation for midback pain. Thoracic spinal manipulation has been shown to be efficacious for the care of neck pain.
Spinal manipulation is an effective option for migraine and cervicogenic headaches.
Effectiveness was found for shoulder girdle pain, adhesive capsulitis, lateral epicondylitis, hip and knee osteoarthritis, patellofemoral pain syndrome, and plantar fasciitis.